Zygon: Journal of Religion & Science
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Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science
17 (3), September 1982

Table of Contents


From God to Infinity, or How Science Raided Religion’s Patent on Mystery by Carl Raschke

The efforts of theologians in the last few decades to adapt their discipline to the methodological constraints of the “empirical sciences” have become obsolete. Just as many theologians have reached a tentative rapproachment with the “secular” mentality, the elements of mystery hitherto shepherded by religious thinkers have been appropriated in the cosmological models of the “new physics.”

The paper explores revolutionary developments over the last ten years within quantum physics. It points to an imminent convergence between scientific and religious concepts within a larger framework of speculation termed synholism (from Friedrich von Weizsächer), and examines theoretical implications of such hypotheses in high-energy physics as a “cosmic consciousness” and “multiple universes.”
Carl Raschke is associate professor of religious studies at University of Denver, University Park, Colorado 80208.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1982.tb00480.x

Niels Bohr and the Mysticism of Nature by John Honner

Some authors have described Niels Bohr as “never being open to anything transcendental.” Wolfgang Pauli, on the other hand, spent many years trying to persuade Bohr to admit to a kind of mysticism. This study offers support to Pauli’s claims. First, a distinction between what is vague on the one hand, and what is necessarily circular on the other, clarifies the work of Bohr. This discussion leads to comments on Bohr’s attitude towards the mutuality of spirit and matter and of reason and mysticism. Finally, some reflections are made about the relevance of Bohr’s covert transcendental philosophy for theological endeavors.
John Honner lectures in philosophy of science and twentieth-century theology at the United Faculty of Theology, Ormond College, Melbourne University, and is a member of the Jesuit Theological College, 175 Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia. The author thanks Professor Aage Bohr and Mr. Erik Rüdinger for permission to work in the Niels Bohr Archive and to quote from his letters and notes.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1982.tb00481.x

Quantum Physics and Freedom in a Whiteheadian Perspective by George Arkell Riggan

This paper attempts to demonstrate the critical significance of early advances in quantum physics for Alfred North Whitehead’s development of the categories of his metaphysics and to illustrate the capacity of his system to serve as a bridge between the sciences and the humanities by relating specific Whiteheadian categories to concrete microphysical behavior with special reference to the notion of freedom.
George Arkell Riggan is professor emeritus of systematic theology at Hartford Seminary Foundation and lives at Leshures at Cross Road, Rowe, Massachusetts 01367.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1982.tb00482.x

Evolution, Human Values and Religious Experience: A Process Perspective by W. Widick Schroeder

This essay sketches an interpretation of human experience utilizing the perspective of process philosophy. Beauty is a key notion, and emergent evolution is a central theme. The following topics are addressed: the emergence of modern evolutionary thinking and alternative responses to it; the nature of human nature in a process perspective; the place of humans in nature; the immanence of laws; emergent evolution on this planet; some implications of the hierarchy of nature for the interpretation of human life, human morality, and human values; and human religious experience.
W. Widick Schroeder is professor of religion and society at Chicago Theological Seminary, 5757 University Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1982.tb00483.x

Psychological Foundations of Value Theory: B. F. Skinner’s Science of Values by William A. Rottschaefer

The thesis that the sciences are value neutral has recently been criticized severely. However, both the critics of the value-neutrality thesis and its upholders share the separatist position that there is a fundamental dichotomy between fact and value, differing only on the degree to which science is impregnated with values. Skinner’s claim that the science of operant behavior is the science of values rejects this dichotomy and is opposed to both the value-neutrality thesis and criticisms of it. I examine Skinner’s claim that psychology is value-laden in the radical sense of providing a foundation for a theory of values and conclude that Skinner is arguing for an ethics and theory of values which is naturalistic, teleological, and both substantively and methodologically objective.
William A. Rottschaefer is associate professor of philosophy at Lewis and Clark College, Portland, Oregon 97219. The author thanks Professor Skinner for his comments on an earlier draft of this paper as well as Karl Peters and two anonymous referees for their very helpful comments and criticism.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1982.tb00484.x


Free Will by John Thorp, reviewed by William H. Austin

William H. Austin; Professor of Philosophy; University of Houston
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1982.tb00485.x

Purpose and Thought by John E. Smith, reviewed by Marvin C. Shaw

Marvin C. Shaw; Professor of Religious Studies; Montana State University
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1982.tb00485.x

Humanism and the Physician by Edmund D. Pellegrino, reviewed by Donald W. Shriver, Jr.

Donald W. Shriver, Jr.; President; Union Theological Seminary; New York
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1982.tb00485.x

Struggle and Fulfillment by Donald Evans, reviewed by Clyde J. Steckel

Clyde J. Steckel; Professor of Theology and Psychology; United Theological Seminary of the Twin Cities
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1982.tb00485.x

The Aquarian Conspiracy by Marilyn Ferguson, reviewed by Hoyt L. Edge

Hoyt L. Edge; Professor of Philosophy; Rollins College
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1982.tb00485.x

Cosmos, Earth and Man by Preston Cloud, reviewed by Lawrence Fagg

Lawrence Fagg; Research Professor of Physics; Catholic University of America
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1982.tb00485.x

Emerging Cosmology by Bernard Lovell, reviewed by Eric J. Chaisson

Eric J. Chaisson; Associate Professor of Astrophysics; Harvard University
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1982.tb00485.x

In Memoriam

Hudson Hoagland, December 5, 1899-March 4, 1982

DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1982.tb00487.x

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