Welcome to Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science. Published since 1966, Zygon is dedicated to the manifold interactions between the sciences and human religious and moral convictions. We seek to consider the whole range of the sciences; cosmology and physics, biology and the neurosciences, sociology, psychology, and anthropology. We seek to be open to religious and non-religious perspectives, those rooted in the great traditions such as Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, but also to religious naturalism, secular humanism, and atheism, both variants at home in the Western world and versions elsewhere on our globe. We cover ideas (theories, theologies) as well as practices. We address ethical issues and analyze the history of the differentiation between science and religion and their subsequent interactions.
The word zygon means the yoking of two entities or processes that must work together. It is related to zygote—meaning the union of genetic heritage from sperm and egg, a union which is vital in higher species for the continuation of advancement of life. The journal Zygon provides a forum for exploring ways to unite what in modern times has been disconnected—values from knowledge, goodness from truth, religion from science.
Traditional religions, which have transmitted wisdom about what is of essential value and ultimate meaning as a guide for human living, were expressed in terms of the best understandings of their times about human nature, society, and the world. Religious expression in our time, however, has not drawn similarly on modern science, which has superseded the ancient forms of understanding. As a result religions have lost credibility in the modern mind. Nevertheless some recent scientific studies of human evolution and development have indicated how long-standing religions have evolved well-winnowed wisdom, still essential for the best life.
Zygon’s hypothesis is that, when long-evolved religious wisdom is yoked with significant, recent scientific discoveries about the world and human nature, there results credible expression of basic meaning, values, and moral convictions that provides valid and effective guidance for enhancing human life. Zygon also publishes manuscripts that are critical of this perspective, as long as such papers contribute to a constructive reflection on scientific knowledge, human values, and existential meaning.
Founded in 1954, IRAS is an ndependent society of natural scientists, social scientists, philosophers, religion scholars, theologians, and others who seek to understand and reformulate the theory and practice of religion in the light of contemporary scientific knowledge. It is both an affiliate society of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of the Council on the Study of Religion, a federation of learned societies in the field of religion.
Center for Advanced Study in Religion and Science (CASIRAS)
Founded in 1972, CASIRAS is an independent society of scholars and scientists from various fields who pursue critical, interdisciplinary studies of possibilities for constructively relating religion and science. In affiliation with the Association of Chicago Theological Schools it offers instruction and research opportunities in the implications of science for religion to seminarians, graduate students, visiting scholars, and faculty.
International Society for Science and Religion (ISSR)
Founded in 2002, ISSR is established for the purpose of the promotion of education through the support of interdisciplinary learning and research in the fields of science and religion conducted where possible in an international and multifaith context. It is registered in the UK as a Company and Charitable Trust.
Joint Publication Board
• Celia Deane-Drummond, Director, Laudato Si’ Research Institute, Oxford
• Willem B. Drees, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy of the Humanities, Tilburg University, Netherlands
• Solomon H. Katz, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, USA
• Edwin C. Laurenson, Lawyer, McDermott Will & Emery LLP, New York, USA (president)
• Michael J. Reiss, Prof. of Science Education, University College London, UK
• Michael Ruse, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, Florida State University, USA
• Benjamin Stewart, Associate Professor of Worship, Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, USA
• Fraser Watts, formerly Reader in Theology and Science, University of Cambridge, UK (secretary)
• Gayle E. Woloschak, Professor of Radiology and Cell and Molecular Biology, Northwestern University, USA (treasurer)
Editorial Advisory Board
• Francisco J. Ayala, formerly Donald Bren Professor of Biological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, USA
• Zainal Abidin Bagir, Center for Religious and Cross-cultural Studies, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
• Anindita N. Balslev, Philosophy and Forum, “cross cultural conversation”, India & Denmark
• Joseph Bulbulia, Evolutionary/Longitudinal Study of Religion, Victoria University, New Zealand
• Ronald Cole-Turner, H. Parker Sharp Chair of Theology and Ethics, Pittsburgh Theological Seminary, USA
• Mihalyi Csikszentmihalyi, Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Management, Claremont Graduate University, USA
• Terrence Deacon, Professor of Biological Anthropology and Linguistics, University of California Berkeley, USA
• George Ellis, Professor Emeritus of Applied Mathematics, University of Cape Town, South Africa
• Dirk Evers, Professor of Systematic Theology, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany
• Owen J. Flanagan, James B. Duke Professor of Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience, Duke University, USA
• Mohammed Ghaly, Professor of Islamic Law and Biomedical Ethics, Center for Islamic Legislation and Ethics, Doha, Qatar
• Ursula Goodenough, Professor Emerita of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, USA
• Niels Henrik Gregersen, Professor of Systematic Theology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
• Nidhal Guessoum, Professor of Physics and Astronomy, American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
• Peter Harrison, Director, Centre for the History of European Discourses, University of Queensland, Australia
• Philip Hefner, Professor Emeritus of Systematic Theology, Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, USA
• Michael S. Hogue, Professor of Theology, Ethics, and Philosophy of Religion, Meadville Lombard Theological School, Chicago, USA
• Antje Jackelén, Archbishop of the Lutheran Church of Sweden, Uppsala, Sweden
• Melvin J. Konner, Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of Anthropology, Emory University, USA
• Seung Chul Kim, Directyor, Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture, Nanzan University, Japan
• Li Jianhui, Professor of Philosophy and Ethics, School of Philosophy and Sociology, Beijing Normal University, China• Liu Xiaoting, Professor of Sciences and Humanities, Beijing Normal University, China
• Lu Feng, Professor of Ethics and Practical Philosophy, Tsinghua University, China
• Andrew B. Newberg, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, USA
• Ann Milliken Pederson, Professor of Religion, Augustana College, Sioux Falls, USA
• Gregory Peterson, Professor of Philosophy and Religion, South Dakota State University, USA
• Varadajara V. Raman, Professor Emeritus of Physics and Humanities, Rochester Institute of Technology, USA
• Holmes Rolston, III, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, Colorado State University, USA
• Robert J. Russell, Ian G. Barbour Professor of Theology and Science, Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley, USA
• Robert A. Segal, Sixth Century Chair in Religious Studies, University of Aberdeen
• Christopher Southgate, Professor of Christian Theodicy, Department of Theology and Religion, University of Exeter, UK
• Ann Taves, Distinguished Professor of Religious Studies, University of California Santa Barbara, USA
• Hava Tirosh-Samuelson, Irving and Miriam Lowe Professor of Modern Judaism, Arizona State University, USA
• Mary Evelyn Tucker, Comparative Religion and Ecology, Yale University, USA
• Claudia Vanney, Professor of Physics and Philosophy, Universidad Austral, Argentina
• Frans de Waal, C.H. Candler Professor of Primate Behavior, Director Living Links Center, Emory University, USA
• Wesley J. Wildman, Professor of Philosophy, Theology, and Ethics, Boston University, USA
• Amos Yong, Chief Academic Officer, Professor of Theology and Mission, Fuller Theological Seminary, USA
Ralph W. Burhoe (1911-1997)
Karl E. Peters, Philip Hefner, and Willem B. Drees
Arthur C. Petersen. Since 2014, Prof. Petersen has served as Professor of Science, Technology and Public Policy, playing various leadership roles in the build-up of University College London’s Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy (STEaPP).
Within the department he continues to fulfill the roles of Director of Doctoral Studies and Departmental Graduate Tutor (Research).
This followed more than 13 years’ work as scientific adviser on environment and infrastructure policy within the Dutch Government. Most recently he served as Chief Scientist of the PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (2011–2014). Professor Petersen is also a Visiting Fellow at Osaka University (2018) and Research Affiliate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (since 2009). He has been Adjunct Professor of Science and Environmental Public Policy at the VU University Amsterdam (2011–2016) and Professorial Fellow at the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment – RIVM (2016–2017), and he has been Visiting Professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science (2009–2014) and at UCL STEaPP (January–August 2014).
Professor Petersen studied physics and philosophy, obtained doctorate degrees in atmospheric sciences (Doctor of Philosophy – PhD, Utrecht University, 1999) and philosophy of science (Doctor of Public Administration – DPA, VU University Amsterdam, 2006), and now also finds disciplinary homes in anthropology, political science and science & religion. He is currently working on his third doctorate (DPhil in Science and Religion) at the University of Oxford, under the supervision of Prof. Alister McGrath, where he is writing a book on uncertainty in science and religion.
Book Review Editor:
Mladen Turk, Elmhurst University, USA
Associate Managing Editor:
James R. Cook, Wiley, Oxford, UK
Lalbiaktluangi Chhakchhuak, Wiley, Chennai, India
Assistant Treasurer and Chicago Editorial Office Asssitant:
David M. Glover, Zygon Journal of Religion and Science NFP
How We Collect Information
Zygon may collect personal information on you in the following ways:
(1) directly from your verbal, written or digital input;
(2) indirectly via the websites of our publishing agent (currently Wiley) and our online submission system (currently Manuscript Central).
(3) We also may access and register publicly available information, such as information from websites of universities that provides us with information on professional title, area of expertise and contact information.
Information We Collect
The types of personal information that Zygon might collect from you may include:
• Contact details, such as your name, email address, postal address and telephone number;
• Professional academic interests, such as area of expertise and of competence;
• Manuscripts of articles and book reviews, whether under review, published, or rejected, and correspondence related to such manuscripts;
• Reviews (evaluations) of submitted articles;
• Comments, proposals, feedback, posts and other content you provide to us;
Use of Your Information
Zygon may use your personal information in the process of selecting papers for its scholarly, peer reviewed journal and for producing, distributing and advertising this journal. In addition, we may use your information to analyze our operations. If used for another purpose, you will be notified in advance.
Articles published are expected to remain available for an indefinite period, with the personal information (name, contact, acknowledgments) you provided therein. Contact information of reviewers and authors, with their area of expertise and their history with Zygon (submissions, reviews) will be retained as long as there is no reason not to expect future submissions or invitations to review. Otherwise, personal information will not be kept longer than is necessary for the purpose for which it was collected. This means that, unless information must be retained for legal or archival purposes, such personal information will be securely destroyed, put beyond use or erased from Zygon’s systems when it is no longer required or, where applicable, following a request from you to destroy or erase your personal information.
Disclosure and Sharing of Your Information
Zygon will not disclose to or share your personal information with any unaffiliated third party unless
• Where necessary in connection with services provided by third parties that serve our processes of production and distribution of the journal such as Wiley, Manuscript Central, and Wiley Author Services;
• Where Zygon is required to disclose personal information in response to lawful requests by public authorities and government agencies, including to meet national security or law enforcement requirements; to comply with a subpoena or other legal process; when we believe in good faith that disclosure is necessary to protect our rights, to enforce our Terms of Service, or to protect the rights, property or safety of our services, users or others; and to investigate fraud; and
• Where all or substantially all of the business or assets of Zygon relating to our services are sold, assigned, or transferred to another entity.
Cross Border Transfers
Zygon may transfer your personal information outside of your country of residence, outside the country where our office is, and outside the country where the editor resides, when that facilitates the peer review process, the production process, or the distribution and visibility of the journal, and when needed to satisfy reporting requirements.
We will use appropriate physical, technical and administrative safeguards to protect your data. Access to your data will be restricted to those who need to know that information to perform their function.
You have the right to make a request in writing or by e-mail (by emailing to email@example.com) to be informed whether or not we hold or process any of your personal information). In your request, you may:
• Request that we provide you with details of your personal information that we possess, the purpose for which it is processed, the recipients of such information, the existence of any automated decision making involving your personal information, and what transfer safeguards we have in place;
• Request that we rectify any errors in your personal information;
• Request that we delete your personal information in full or in part if our continued processing of such information is not justified;
• Request that we transfer your personal information to a third party; and
• Object to processing for purposes of scientific, historical research and statistics.
We will not use your personal information for marketing purposes, nor disclose your information to any third parties, unless we have your prior consent. If at any point you wish to review or change your preferences you can indicate so by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.